Private Helicopter Pilot License
The Private Helicopter Pilot License or PHPL is for individuals looking to fly helicopters for personal use. You will be able to fly helicopters but receive no compensation for your work. This course requires no previous knowledge or experience in fixed or rotary wing aircraft. Applicants with their fixed wing license can receive credits towards their Private Helicopter License.
Seventeen years of age.
Valid Category 3 Medical Certificate
None (no previous flight experience)
Knowledge: Minimum of 40 hours private pilot helicopter ground school instruction, on the following subjects:
- Canadian Aviation Regulations,
- Aerodynamics and Theory of Flight,
- Airframes, Engines and Systems,
- Flight Instruments,
- Radio and Electronic Theory,
- Flight Operations,
- Licensing Requirements, and
- Human factors including pilot decision-making;
Obtained a minimum of 60% in each of the following four mandatory subject areas as well as in the overall written examination Commercial Pilot Licence – Helicopter (PPHEL):
- Air Law – regulations, rules and orders, air traffic services, practices and procedures, and licensing requirements relevant to the licence;
- Navigation – navigation, radio aids and electronic theory;
- Aeronautics – General Knowledge – airframes, engines and systems, theory of flight, flight.
- Instruments and flight operations.
Minimum of 45 hours private pilot flight training in helicopters under the direction and supervision of the holder of a Flight Instructor Rating – Helicopter. A maximum 5 of the 45 hours may be conducted in an approved helicopter simulator or flight training device.
The flight training shall include a minimum of: 17 hours dual instruction flight time, including a minimum of 3 hours cross-country flight time and 5 hours of instrument time of which a maximum of 3 hours may be instrument ground time; and 12 hours solo flight time including 5 hours cross-country flight time with a flight of a minimum of 100 nautical miles which shall include no fewer than 2 full stop landings at points other than the point of departure.
Skill: Within the 12 months preceding the date of application for the licence, the applicant must successfully complete a flight test to the standard outlined in the Flight Test Standard Private and Commercial Pilot Licences – Helicopters (TP3077E).
Note: The licence is issued restricted to daylight flying.
Knowledge: An applicant who holds a Pilot Permit – Gyroplane or a private or higher type pilot licence for aeroplanes shall, when applying for the issue of a Private Pilot Licence – Helicopter have the 40 hour ground instruction requirement reduced to 20 hours.
An applicant who holds a Pilot Permit – Gyroplane or a private or higher type pilot licence for aeroplanes shall in lieu of completing the written examination PPHEL obtain a minimum of 60% in the written examination Private Pilot Helicopter Rating – Alternate Category (PHRAC).
Experience: The total flight time must include a minimum of 30 hours in helicopters.
Where an applicant holds a pilot permit or licence in another aircraft category flight time credits shall be claimed as follows:
Aeroplane and Gyroplane: a maximum of 15 hours towards the total flight time; and a maximum of 4 hours solo flight time, 2 hours of which may be credited to solo cross-country flight time.
Glider: A maximum of 5 hours pilot-in-command flight time towards the total flight time.
Instrument Flight Time: An applicant who holds a private or higher type licence in another category shall be credited with instrument flight time acquired in the other category towards meeting the instrument experience requirements provided that the instrument flight time acquired in the other category is not credited towards the 17 hours of dual instruction flight time or the 12 hours solo flight time.
|Ground School||Flight Training||Instructions|
|1. Air Law and Procedures||10||1. Familiarization||.5|
|2. Airframe, Engine and Systems||10||2. Preparation for flight||.5|
|3. Theory of Flight||10||3. Effects of Controls||.5|
|4. Meteorology||10||4. Airspeed and Power Changes straight and level flight||.5|
|5. Instruments||5||5. Climbs and Descents||.5|
|6. Navigation General||10||6. Turns||1.0|
|7. Navigation Radio Aids||5||7. Autorotations 1 (upper Air)||1.0|
|8. Flight Operations||5||8. Hovering||2.0|
|9. Human Factors||5||9. Take Off landings||1.0||1.0|
|Reviews||10||10. Hovering Exercises||0.5||0.5|
|(minimum requirement 40 Hrs) Total Hours||80||11. Engine Failure||1.0|
|13. Autorotations 2 (Landings)||2.0|
|15. The Circuit||2.0||1.0|
|16. Sideways and Rearwards Flight||.5||0.5|
|17. Steep Turns||.5||0.5|
|18. Autorotations 3 (Range Variations)||2.0|
|19. Practice Forced Approaches||1.0|
|20. Pilot Navigation||3.0||5.0|
|21. Rapid Decelerations||.5|
|22. Low Level Operations||.5|
|23. Sloping Ground||.5||0.5|
|24. Advanced Take-Offs and Landings||.5||1.0|
|25. Confined Areas||1.5||1.0|
|26. Vortex Ring|
|27. Practical Loading and Maximum Weight Operations||.5|
|28. Sling Load Operations|
|29. Type Conversion|
|30. Instrument Flying||5.0|
|31. Night Flying #1|
|31. Night Flying #2|
|(minimum requirement 45 Hours) Total Hours||33.0||12.0|
*Flight and Ground Training Hours may change from the above guide line to better fit personal needs.